Running JBoss 7 on Windows Azure
I’m going to start a series of posts to explain how we made JBoss run on Windows Azure, not just on standalone mode but with full cluster support.
Let me start with one simple definition, I’m NOT a Java guy, but I work with some very talented people under the same roof and under the same practice at Devoteam.
So everything started when I posted on our internal collaboration platform a post about the new Windows Azure Starter Kit CTP being released for Java. Since my very beginning at Devoteam I’ve been brainwashing them to try it out, so that post was the kick-off they needed. Knowing our customer base, which is highly mixed and hybrid environments with Java and .NET and SAP systems etc etc, we want to create this:
“An integrated, enterprise-grade demo of a Windows Azure cloud setup, containing a .NET front-end, a JEE application in the cloud and a local mainframe instance; completely integrated.”
The basic reason behind choosing JBoss, besides the fact that our customers use it also, was that it’s open and free and open means that we can change whatever we want to make it work and fit in our environment.
One of those talented guys Francois Hertay, modified the code for cluster discovery (jGroups) already provided to make it work in a more robust way and more important, make it work with JBoss 7 because it currenctly works only with version 6. We still use the BLOB approach but we changed it a little bit to make it more robust. In a typical enterprise scenario we have the proxies in front of the JBoss cluster and mod_proxy is also the one achieving the much needed state consistency as you might already know that Windows Azure is using a non-sticky load balancer. Also, based on the dynamic nature of how a Windows Azure instance behaves, it was impossible to have static IPs for the proxies and the instances and it was obvious we needed a little something for:
- Discovering the proxies and announce them to the JBoss cluster
- Make sure that this is removed when a proxy goes down or when a new node joins the cluster, it finds the proxies and registers them
We needed something different as mod_proxy uses multicast to announce itself to the cluster and this is not supported in Windows Azure. The solution was to create our own home-brewed announcer service and will take care of this.
Our final setup was 1 WorkerRole for the Proxy and 1 WorkerRole for the JBoss node.
We choose this setup so we can independently scale either the proxies or the JBoss nodes, which is pretty typical in an Enterprise environment.
On the next post, I will explain how the Announcement Service works and what can be improved in the future in the service.